Home Maintenance

How to Fix a Damaged or Malfunctioning Vacuum Cleaner


A damaged or malfunctioning vacuum cleaner is an annoyance that nobody wants to have to deal with. Whether it’s a broken belt, a damaged cord, or a clogged filter, vacuum cleaners can be difficult to repair on your own. Even if you’re familiar with the workings of a vacuum cleaner, it’s important to know what to do when your machine isn’t working properly. In this article, we’ll go over some of the common problems you may encounter with your vacuum cleaner, and how to troubleshoot them.

Check the Basics

Before you get too deep into the repair process, it’s always a good idea to make sure you’re starting with a clean slate. Check the power cord to make sure it’s plugged in and working properly. Make sure the bag or canister is empty, and that the filter is free of debris. Check the brush roll for tangles or debris that could be blocking the airflow.

Check the Belt

The belt is a common source of problems for vacuum cleaners. If the belt is worn or broken, it won’t be able to turn the brush roll, and the vacuum won’t be able to pick up dirt. To check the belt, turn off the vacuum and unplug it. Then, remove the bottom plate or hood of the vacuum and inspect the belt. If it’s worn or broken, you’ll need to replace it.

Check the Hose

The hose is another common source of problems. If the hose is clogged, it won’t be able to pick up dirt. To check the hose, disconnect it from the vacuum and run water through it. If the water is slow or doesn’t flow at all, then the hose is likely clogged. You can use a vacuum attachment to try and clear the clog, or you may need to replace the hose.

Check the Filters

Most vacuums have several filters that need to be cleaned or replaced regularly. If the filters are clogged, it can reduce the suction power of the vacuum and cause it to be less effective. To check the filters, turn off the vacuum and unplug it. Then, remove the filters and inspect them for dirt or debris. If they’re clogged, you can clean them with soap and water or replace them.

Check the Motor

If the vacuum still isn’t working after you’ve checked the basics, it may be time to check the motor. The motor is responsible for powering the vacuum and can become damaged over time. To check the motor, turn off the vacuum and unplug it. Then, remove the bottom plate or hood of the vacuum and inspect the motor. If it’s damaged, you may need to replace it.

Get Professional Help

If you’re still having trouble with your vacuum cleaner, it may be time to call in a professional. A professional technician can inspect your vacuum and diagnose the problem, and can make repairs or replacements as necessary.


A damaged or malfunctioning vacuum cleaner can be a hassle to deal with. Fortunately, there are a few steps you can take to troubleshoot the problem. Start by checking the basics, such as the power cord, bag or canister, filter, and brush roll. Then, check the belt, hose, and filters for signs of wear or damage. Finally, check the motor for damage. If all else fails, call in a professional technician to diagnose and repair the problem.

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